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God's fruit with abundant vitamins A, B, and CPersimmons are Asia's unique fruit, and native to Korea, China, and Japan. Since old times, the fruit has been called God's fruit China's Oldest agricultural technology book recorded the cultivation techniques of persimmons Even the Tang Dynasty's herbal book. Sinsuboncho. has the classification of persimmon trees. Korea has also cultivated this fruit throughout history. Korea Oldest medicinal book, 'Hangyang Cugeupbang' contains records about the cultivation of persimmons.
The temperature during the maturity period affects the quality of persimmons. An environment appropriate for growing persimmons should have an average annual temperature of 11~15℃, as well as an average temperature of 21~23℃ from September-November, when fruit matures. In addition, persimmons are not cold-resistant, so they are usually cultivated in the regions south of Chungnam Province in Korea.
In general, there are two types of persimnons, astringent(puckered) and non-astringent (sweet) species. Sweet persimmon species do not grow in the region north of the central region of Korea. Persimmons are usually cultivated for food. They are processed to produce dried persimmons or to make sisap for use as industrial ingredients Puckered persimmon species are used for processing. Puckered persimnons are peeled and dried to make gotgam or dried persimmons. Ripe, soft persimmons are called hongsi or yeonsi.
|Sagoksi||This persimmon is pyramid shaped, and has very good quality. It usually does not have seeds, but some have 2-3 seeds.
This persimmon has a round-oblate shape with a concave top in a square shape. It has a strong sweet taste. This species is native to Sagok-myeon, Uiseong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do. It is the major species Of astringent persimmons.
|Bansi||This persimmon has a round-oblate shape with a concave top shaped like a pentagon It is an astringent persimmon species with high quality, so it is good for making dried persimmons. Bansi from Cheongdo is particularly famous because it does not have seeds.
|Bunsi||This fruit is round but a little elongated, and has a round top. The shape Ofthe cross section is square. This species has strong taste.|
|Wonsi||It is also called Chungnamsi. This fruitis round with a pointy top. The flesh is crispy and has strong sweet taste. It can be cultivated in a relatively cold region. It is perfect for making dried persimn℃ns (gotgam)|
|Buyu||The size of this fruit is usually about210~220g. This species has a round-oblate shape with shallow grooves and a round top. It is a sweet persimmon. Its astringent taste disappears early an in its growth, so it is perfect to eat from late September.|
|Sangseojosaeng||The size of this fruit is about 220g~260g, and the shape is slightly round-oblate. It is a sweet persimmon species with no astringent taste. It has a taste similar to the Buyu species. Its harvest time is mid October.|
|Charang||This is a sweet persimmon species with a flat shape. It usually weighs about 220g~250g. It has a strong sweet taste and a crispy flesh.|
|Seochonjosaeng||This does not have a strong sweet taste. Its flesh has a orange color and crispy texture with little juice. Its sweet content is low.|
|Gapjubaekmok||This is an astringent persimmon species, and cultivated to make hongsi (soft persimmon) or gotgam (dried persimmon). It usually weighs about 300g, and has high sweet content. With its thin skin, it is perfect for making good quality hongsi or gotgam. Its harvest time is late October or early November. This species is appropriate 10 grow in the south central region of Korea.|
The major substance in persimmons is sugar, accounting for 15~18% of their content. Compared to other kinds of fruit, it does not have a lot of juice, and contains mostly glucose and fructose. It also contains a lot of vitamin A and vitamin C. The color of persimmons is expressed by a composite substance Of carotene, which is a type of carotenoid and lycopene.
The astringent taste of persimmons comes from tannin substance called Diospyrin that is contained in tannin cells scattered in the fruit. The film of tannin cells is Very thin and can be torn easily, and because tannin is water soluble, persimmons produce an astringent taste. When acetaldehyde, which is generated by persimmons, is combined with tannin and becomes insoluble. the astringent taste disappears.
The black Spots Can be seen in sweet persimmons are insoluble tannin cells. The cells used to be soluble, but as they become insoluble, they no longer produce an astringent taste. In addition, persimmon leaves contain much more Vitamin C than Strawberries or oranges.
Vitamin C contained in persimmons is the precursor Of Vitamin C. SO it is not easily destroyed When exposed to heat Water air, unlike other general vitamin C. Furthermore, persimmon leaves contain a substance called rutin that has a function of hemostasis and lowers blood pressure. Among the substances contained in the Stem of persimmon fruit, hemicellulose coagulates in the stomach and stops hiccups as itproduces physical stimulation.
Hongsi (soft persimmon) is good for a sore throator thirst and gotgam (dried persimmon) is good for indigestion due to weak stomach. Because persimmons or persimmon leaves contain substances good for one's health. they can prevent and treat diseases such as diabetes, as well as cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure if persimmons are eaten frequently. Persimmons are a perfect food for the elderly.
Persimmons are considered 'cold food', so people who have coldness in their stomach should not eat many persimmons. However, the cold nature Of persimmons can be reduced if making porridge out of it. In addition people with anemia or low blood pressure should not eat a of persimmons. This is because tannin in persimmons hampers the absorption of iron.
▪ Gam (Persimmon)
▪ Gotgam (Dried Persimmon)
▪ Hongsi (Soft Persimmon)
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